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How to Order Boards with Solder Mask Defined Pads

How to Order Boards with Solder Mask Defined Pads

Solder Mask Defined Pads

In most PCB designs, the solder mask clearance is larger than the copper pad it’s exposing, these pads are called Non-Solder Mask Defined (NSMD) pads (also called copper defined pads). The image on the left illustrated an NSMD pad.

Some components (especially some BGA chips) require another type of soldermask/pad structure, called Solder Mask Defined (SMD) pads, it has a solder mask clearance that is smaller than the copper pad and the mask is intentionally printed over a portion of the copper pad. The image on the right illustrated this structure.

You can use the suggested pad and soldermask clearance dimensions in the datasheet and application notes. But please make sure at least 3 mil (0.076mm) of mask will be printed on all sides of the copper pad, as illustrated below. The reason is there’s a registration tolerance on the solder mask placement, if the mask is only slightly smaller than the pad, there’s a chance the mask could shift enough exposing bare substrate which would result in a bad result.

        Note       Abbr. SMD is sometimes confusing because it's also the abbr. of Surface-Mount Device.

Figure 1. NSMD VS SMD Pads

How to Transfer SMD information to JLCPCB

There isn't any option to tell JLCPCB a design has SMD pads in the ordering system, so if CAM engineers can’t get this information, the soldermask clearance for SMD pads will be enlarged to become the traditional Non-Soldermask Defined style which will ruin the final boards.

To transfer the SMD information to JLCPCB, you can use the following methods:

1. Write a special instruction

In the ordering system, there’s a text input box call "PCB Remark".

Figure 2. The PCB Remark input box

You can write a special instruction to inform JLCPCB your design has SMD pads, like:

Please note: Parts U1, U2, and so on, utilize Solder Mask Defined Pads. Please do not adjust or modify the solder mask for these components. 
If you are unfamiliar with Solder Mask Defined Pads, please feel free to ask for clarification.					

2. Confirm Production File

Select "Yes" for "Confirm Production File" option.

Figure 3. The Confirm Production File option

This option works in this way: Engineers at JLCPCB will create the production file required to manufacture the PCB, if the option is checked, you can check and confirm it before production. A confirmation email will be sent to you when the production file is completed.

Download the processed Gerbers, pay attention to inspect the soldermask clearance for the SMD pads.

Last updated on Jan 2, 2024